У нас вы можете скачать книгу русская лаковая миниатюра книга в fb2, txt, PDF, EPUB, doc, rtf, jar, djvu, lrf!
The highly attractive caskets, panels, brooches and boxes of different form of size with miniature painting and gold ornament, their dazzling lacquer surface and the play of their rich colors are remarkable blend of usefulness and beauty. The contemporary Fedoskino miniature painting promotes the independent development of all genres of this unique art. Old Fedoskino Masters of portraiture V. Davydov trasmited their rich experience and knowledge to the younger Fedoskino Masters: Nikolay Soloninkin, Lubov Pashinina and others.
They have created fine portraits of political and military leaders ,writers and artists, heroes of labour and science in s. Reviving the traditions of the decorative-ornamental genre painters S.
Monashov created in the s works of art remarkable for their ornamental plasticity and highly subtle workmanship. Fine works of Fedoskino art representative of landscape painting were created by I. The works of Fedoskino artists are displayed in private collections and in the Museums all over the World. The clear blue waters of the river of Teza reflect the silvery boughs of the bordering willows and the domes of the white-stone 17th century Trinity Church.
Boats are used to get about the village--to kinder-garden, school or work. The high waters stays all of April. Kholui is also famous for its old history. One mile away from Kholui is the 18th century architectural monument--the complex of the former monastery "Borkovskaya Pustyn" founded and financed by Princes Pozharsky. From times ago past icon painting was a hereditary occupation. These were chiefly "popular" icons that required no special workmanship.
Yet there were also pieces executed on a high artistic level boasting magnificent scripture and virtuoso chasing work on a gold ground. The history of lacquer miniature in Kholui is very similar to Palekh and Mstera. In the Mstera Branch of an art artel specializing in rug painting was set up in Kholui, and on July 1st, the it was developed into an art artel.
Puzanov-Molev began to paint lacquer objects of papier-mache made after Fedoskino technology. In a school of team-apprenticeship was opened under the artel which was later re-organized in into Kholui vocational school. Over a thousand specialists for artistic folk crafts were trained in this unique educational establishment. In those years many works of historical subjects were created by K.
It employs a wide range of warm ground colors , with preference for yellows, browns and reds, joined with a sparing ornament. In distinction from Mstera the Kholui landscapes lacks the formers light-colored receding prospects and comes out as an element than underlines and deepens the content; it is often symbolic.
Kholui art also depicts figures on a large scale. Their stylistic features were displayed to the best advantage in the landscape genre. The art of Kholui miniature is the youngest of all the Russian lacquer crafts. Fomin, Nikolay Babrin, B. Shevtsov are working in the finest traditions of the older generation and some of them became teachers in Kholui Art School. One of such unique centers is Mstera or Mstyora, how do we call it in Russian.
Village of Mstera located on a rolling banks of Klyazma river in a beautiful scenic spot some 60 miles km from the old Russian town of Vladimir. The first information of Mstera as a village of flourishing trade and crafts goes back to the 17th century.
Lack of arable land forced its dwellers to practice gardening, crafts and trade. From times of old styles of icon painting, talented needle workers specializing in white satin-stitch embroidery, copper and silver chasers and restorers of icons and frescoes. In Mstera icon painting came to its final decline at the beginning of the 20th century owing to the emergence of the industrial icon production. Several arduous years went by in search of a new sphere of application for their talents.
On july 22 an artel was set up that was to specialize in decorating papier-mache objects. It was called "Proletarian Art", a name quite in tune with the times. Yet much remained to be done to bring out all of the aspects of their artistic tradition that could contribute to the emergence of a new art.
The choice of a new style had behind it the joint experience of several generations of artist, but the foundations were laid by Nikolay Klykov,Ivan Serebryakov,Ye. Black is absolutely absent from the color palette.
The landscape is painted in a realistic manner. Mstera also offers a more realistic depiction of human figures. The vivid works of the founders of Mstera Art have had a favorable influence on the younger artists. A Matryoshka doll or a Russian nested doll often incorrectly referred to as a Babushka doll - babushka means "grandmother" in Russian , is a set of dolls of decreasing sizes placed one inside the other.
The name "Matryona" in turn is related to the Latin root "mater" and means "mother", so the name is closely connected with motherhood and in turn the doll has come to symbolize fertility.
The first appearance of Matryoshka is dated from , and are said to have been inspired by souvenir dolls from Japan. The story goes that Sergeiy Maliutin, a painter from a folk crafts workshop in the Abramtsevo estate of a famous Russian industrialist and patron of arts Savva Mamontov, saw a set of Japanese wooden dolls representing Shichi-fuku-jin, the Seven Gods of Fortune.
The largest doll was that of Fukurokuju a happy, bald god with an unusually long chin and within it nested the six remaining deities. Inspired, Maliutin drew a sketch of a Russian version of the toy. Панно "Северная песня" 50х25см, арт. Панно "Перо жар-птицы" 30х21 см, арт. Плакетка 28х21см в раме 43х36 см, "Сивка-бурка" , арт. Панно "Каменный цветок" 58х33см, арт. Панно "Гуси лебеди" 30х16 см, арт. Панно "Перо Жар-птицы" 30х15 см, арт. Новое в магазине "Каток с фонариками" Закладка 20х4 см.
Закладка "Каток с фонариками" 20х4 см, арт. Икона "Господь Вседержитель" 32х27 см, арт. Икона "Казанская Божья Матерь" 32х28 см, арт. Ларец "Чудо-белка" 32х22х11 см, арт. Шкатулка "Тройка" 26х15 см, арт. С давних времён иконопись была здесь потомственным занятием. Это были в основном популярные иконки, которые не требовали никакого специального изготовления. Тем не менее, были и вещи, выполненные на высоком художественном уровне.
С приходом Советской власти, иконопись стала не актуальна. Иконы писать запрещали и промысел стал угасать. Так и утратилось бы это искусство, если бы не случай.
Художникам Палеха пришла идея расписывать шкатулки и табакерки. Это начинание поддержал Максим Горький. Далее идея распространилась по остальным центрам лаковой миниатюры. В году в Холуе была создана художественная артель, занимающаяся росписью лаковых изделий. Благодаря таким мастерам-энтузиастам, как С. Добрынин, авторитет лаковых миниатюр неуклонно рос. В году на Всемирной выставке мастерам были вручены бронзовые медали.
В послевоенные годы в искусстве холуйских мастеров всё яснее стали проступать своеобразность и индивидуальная манера, зримо отличающиеся от искусства мастеров других мест таких, как Федоскино, Палех и Мстера. Сейчас, наряду с миниатюрами, создаются декоративные лаковые панно. Вместе с традиционным чёрным фоном всё чаще используют насыщенный красный, зелёный и вишнёвый цвета. Пишутся самые разнообразные сюжеты: Возрождается и искусство иконописи. Наряду с былинными и сказочными сюжетами мастера изображают композиции отображающие современную жизнь.
В настоящее время в пос.